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The coronavirus/covid-19 – applicable regulations

October 26, 2020

Due to the coronavirus/covid-19, the Swedish Social Insurance Agency has received questions about the rules for disease carrier allowance, travel allowance, sickness benefit and care of a sick child (vab).

New rules concerning doctor´s certificates

From November 1st 2020 doctor´s certificates will be required when applying for sickness benefit or compensation for care of a sick child. A doctor´s certificate will be required if your child has been ill for more than 7 days. A doctor´s certificate will also be required if you have been ill for more than 14 days.

Sickness benefit

  • If your first sick day occurs before November 1st, Försäkringskassan will not require a doctor´s certificate until day 21. This applies regardless if you are employed, on parental leave or if are a job seeker.
  • If your first sick day occurs after November 1st, Försäkringskassan will require a doctor´s certificate from day 15. This applies regardless if you are employed, on parental leave or if are a job seeker.

Normally, you need to show a doctor´s certificate to your employer from the eighth day of your illness. The government has decided that this is not necessary at the moment.

Benefit for care of a sick child

  • Parents that apply for compensation for care of sick child will be required to send in a doctor´s certificate if the child is sick for 8 days or more.
  • If your child gets well before November 1st 2020, you do not have to send in a doctor´s certificate.
  • If your child is ill even after November 1st you have to have a doctor´s certificate from the 8th day.

Försäkringskassan will carefully follow developments and we will continue to adapt to the prevailing situation.

If you or a close relative belong to an at-risk group

The government has decided on a temporary benefit for people belonging to an at-risk group of falling seriously ill with covid-19. The benefit is for you who have an employer or are self-employed and who have to refrain from working in order to avoid being infected by the coronavirus that causes covid-19.

The benefit is calculated from a flat amount and you can receive a maximum of 804 Swedish Crowns before taxes per day.

You can receive the benefit for a maximum of 90 days during the period 1st July–31th December 2020.

You can also apply for the benefit if you are a casual employee (behovsanställd) and have had to cancel work that you previously have booked, due to the risk of infection.

When can I receive the benefit?

You can receive the benefit if you:

  • work but have an illness that means that you risk falling seriously ill with covid-19,
  • cannot work from home and your employer can not assign you to other duties or your work situation cannot be adapted to avoid infection and
  • can submit a doctor´s certificate that shows that you belong to an at-risk group for covid-19.

What is an at-risk group?

The government has decided on a number of illnesses that carry a higher risk of falling seriously ill with covid-19 and that gives you a right to receive a benefit. You have to submit a doctor´s certificate that shows that you have such an illness.

How much money will I get?

You can receive a maximum of 804 Swedish Crowns before taxes per day.
You can receive the benefit for 25 percent, 50 percent, 75 percent or 100 percent. A benefit for 100 percent equals a full-time job.

  • 804 Crowns per day at 100 percent
  • 603 Crowns per day at 75 percent
  • 402 Crowns per day at 50 percent
  • 201 Crowns per day at 25 percent

How do I apply?

You can apply by logging on to My pages (Mina sidor).

How long can I receive the money for?

You can receive the benefit for a maximum of 90 days during the period 1st July – 31th December 2020.

When will I receive the money?

We estimate a large influx of applications. Due to this, you may have to wait more than a month before you receive your money. The sum is visible on My Pages one bank day before you receive the money.

 

The government has decided that if you have to refrain from working in order to protect a close relative belonging to an at-risk group from catching covid-19, you can receive a benefit from Försäkringskassan. A person belongs to an at-risk group if he or she is at least 70 years old or has an illness that entails a higher risk of falling seriously ill with covid-19.

This applies to you who:

  • works part time as a personal assistant to an adult person belonging to an at-risk group, or
  • receives part time benefit for care of a close adult relative who belongs to an at-risk group.

A person is considered a close relative if he or she is your wife, husband or partner. A close relative can also be a child, a parent, your sibling or their wife, husband, partner or child. You have to live together with the relative in order to receive the benefit.

When can I receive the benefit?

You can receive the benefit if you:

  • Work part time as a personal assistant to a close relative who receives attendance allowance from Försäkringskassan and belongs to an at-risk group or
  • receive a benefit to take care of, a close relative belonging to an at-risk group.

You have to have another part time job that cannot be carried out from home and your employer can not assign you to other duties or your work situation cannot be adapted to avoid infection.

If you work as a personal assistant you have to have worked an assistant for at least 80 hours during the month you apply for the benefit.

A close relative is in this case defined as a spouse, live-in partner, child, parent or sibling. A siblings spouse, live-in partner and child is also regarded as a close relative. You have to live together with the close relative in order to receive the benefit.

What is an at-risk group?

An at-risk group is people who are at least 70 years old or who have an illness that has been identified as having a higher risk of falling seriously ill with covid-19.

How much will I receive?

You can only receive the benefit for the amount of time that you have to refrain from working.

You can receive a maximum of 804 Swedish Crowns before taxes per day.

You can receive the benefit for 25 percent, 50 percent, 75 percent or 100 percent. A benefit for 100 percent equals a full-time job.

  • 804 Crowns per day at 100 percent
  • 603 Crowns per day at 75 percent
  • 402 Crowns per day at 50 percent
  • 201 Crowns per day at 25 percent

How long can I receive the benefit?

You can receive the benefit for a maximum of 90 days during the period 1st July – 31th December 2020.

How do I apply for the benefit?

You can only apply by filling in a form. You can apply retroactively for the period 1st July–31th December.

Application for compensation for relative to a person in an at-risk group for covid-19 (the form is in Swedish)pdf öppnas i nytt fönster

You need to send in a doctor´s certificate

If the person you are personal assistant to or you are caring for is below the age of 70, you need to send a doctor´s certificate to Försäkringskassan together with your application. The doctor´s certificate has to show that the person belongs to an at-risk group.

Should I or my employer make a sick leave report (sjukanmälan) to Försäkringskassan?

No, neither you nor your employer should make a sick leave report (sjukanmälan) to Försäkringskassan.

When will I receive the money?

You will receive the money after we are finished handling you case. You can only receive the compensation for the same period that you receive a benefit for caring for your relative or your relative receives attendance allowance.

In order to facilitate the handling of your case, you can send in your application for benefit for care of a close relative or your time report for the hours you worked as a personal assistant, as soon as possible.

 

If you are a disease carrier

To be eligible for disease carrier allowance, a doctor must have decided that you cannot work because you are or may be infected with a disease that is classified as dangerous to public health and society. The coronavirus /covid-19 is such a disease.

New recommendations if you live with a person infected by covid-19

The Public Health Agency (Folkhälsomyndigheten) has issued new recommendations concerning people who live with someone who has been confirmed to be infected by covid-19. If this applies to you must abide by guidelines and rules concerning the spread of infection.

You will for example have to work from home. If you cannot work from home you can apply for disease carrier allowance from Försäkringskassan. Remember that you have to send in a doctor´s certificate stating that you cannot physically be at your place of work.

A health official will contact you if you are affected by the new guidelines and give you more information.

Disease carrier’s benefit for employees

Disease carrier’s benefit for job seekers

Disease carrier’s benefit for individuals with a limited company

Disease carrier’s benefit for individuals with sole proprietorship

Travel allowance for students

 

Illness

The government has decided to temporarily suspend the deduction from sick pay. This means that you can apply for a retroactive reimbursement for deductions that your employer has made from your sick pay from the 11 th March 2020. This is applicable if you are employed and have had a deduction of sick pay or if you are self-employed and have a deduction of sick pay in the beginning of your sick period.

Your employer will not make a new deduction from sick pay if you fall ill again within 5 days. If you have more than one employer that make deductions from sick pay within 5 calendar days you will only have the right to claim reimbursement for the first deduction from sick pay.

If you are unemployed or on parental leave, you apply for sickness benefit from Försäkringskassan as usual. This is also the case if you do not receive sick pay from your employer. Försäkringskassan will not make a deduction from your sickness benefit.

If you have limited company you can apply for reimbursement of deduction from sick pay as an employee. Your company will be compensated for paid out sick pay in arrears like all other employers. This will be done via your company tax return where you report the costs of sick pay.

How much will I receive?

If you are employed your reimbursement will be a standard amount of 804 SEK before tax.

From June 1, the reimbursement was increased from 700 SEK to 804 SEK before tax. If you have received reimbursement with the lower amount for time from 1 June, you will receive an additional payment. This will be done automatically, you do not need to contact the Swedish Social Insurance Agency.

If your application regards deduction from sick pay during the qualifying period for time before June 1, you will receive SEK 700 before tax.

If you are self-employed you will receive 804 Swedish Krona before taxes for each day you are ill during the qualifying period.

How do I apply?

You can apply by logging in to My pages (Mina sidor).

If you are unable to use My pages (Mina sidor) you can fill in form FK6010 and send it to Försäkringskassan. The form is in Swedish.

6016 Ansök om ersättning för karens

When will I receive my money?

You will receive the money within 5 working days.

When will the disbursement appear on My pages (Mina sidor)?

The disbursement will be shown under Utbetalningar 1 bank day before the money arrives.

Question and answers about deduction from sick pay during the qualifying period, qualifying period, doctor’s certificate and sick pay

The questions and answers are at the moment only in Swedish and can be found below:

Om ersättning för karens för dig som är anställd, arbetssökande eller föräldraledig

Om ersättning för karens för dig som är arbetsgivare

Om ersättning för karens för dig som är egenföretagare

Om ersättning för karens för dig som är partner till Försäkringskassan (hälso-sjukvården, företagshälsovården och Arbetsförmedlingen)

 

 

The government has decided that all employers will receive full compensation for the cost of sick pay stated in their PAYE tax return. Employers pay sick pay to their employees as usual and Försäkringskassan compensates employers through a payment to the employer´s tax account. The government will fully cover employers´ sick-pay costs for April, May, June and July. However, for August and September, the level of compensation is based on a percentage of the cost. Försäkringskassan will pay the compensation as soon as possible after the last date that an employer should file their monthly PAYE tax return. On the Swedish Tax Authority’s website, you can read which day of the month that you, at the latest, should file your PAYE tax return.

When should I file my tax return? (skatteverket.se, the information is in Swedish) öppnas i nytt fönster You will receive the compensation a few days after Försäkringskassan has made a its decision.

If you file your PAYE tax return late you will receive the compensation at the end of the month.

Question and answers about deduction from sick pay during the qualifying period, qualifying period, doctor’s certificate and sick pay

The questions and answers are at the moment only in Swedish and can be found below:

Om sjuklönekostnader för dig som är arbetsgivare

Om sjuklönekostnader för dig som är egenföretagare

 

If you are ill and applying for sickness benefit, you do not need a doctor’s certificate until after day 21.

Ordinarily, you will need to submit a doctor’s certificate from day 8 to your employer or the Swedish Social Insurance Agency. The government has decided to temporarily remove that requirement. This does not apply if you are part-time ill and the extent of your sick leave is being increased. In that case you will still need a doctor’s certificate from day 8.

Ordinarily, you who are an employee also need to submit a doctor’s certificate from day 15 to the Swedish Social Insurance Agency when you apply for sickness benefit. However, the Swedish Social Insurance Agency has decided that you do not need any doctor’s certificate until after day 21 if you registered for sick leave after the 13th of March.

If you are applying for disease carrier allowance a doctor’s certificate which shows that you cannot work because you are or may be infected with a disease that is classified as dangerous to public health and society (as covid-19) is required from day 1.

Question and answers about deduction from sick pay during the qualifying period, qualifying period, doctor’s certificate and sick pay

The questions and answers are at the moment only in Swedish and can be found below:

Om läkarintyg för dig som är anställd, arbetssökande eller föräldraledig

Om läkarintyg för dig som är arbetsgivare

Om läkarintyg för dig som är egenföretagare

Om läkarintyg för dig som är partner till Försäkringskassan (Hälso— sjukvården, företagshälsovården och Arbetsförmedlingen)

 

Due to the Corona pandemic, planned health care or treatment can been suspended or postponed. The Swedish Social Insurance Agency has therefore temporarily extended the possibility to postpone the assessment against jobs that are a normal part of the labour market from day 181, should that occur. To learn what applies to you, contact your insurance officer.

 

If you have sustained an occupational injury

Covid-19 is an infectious disease that can lead to an occupational injury. If you have been infected by the coronavirus and developed covid-19 it can be considered an occupational injury.

This is the case if you:

  • have treated, handled or taken care of people, animals or material that was contagious, or
  • worked in a laboratory where the coronavirus was being handled.

If you were injured at work

Employers should report occupational injuries

As an employer you have to report an occupational injury if your employee has received an injury or has died as a result of being infected with the corona virus and subsequently developed covid-19.

This is applicable if your employee:

  • has treated, handled or taken care of people, animals or material that was contagious, or
  • worked in a laboratory where the coronavirus was being handled.

Skador i arbetet (Information in Swedish)

In the case of death

If someone dies following an occupational injury caused by covid-19, the the survivning relatives can apply for survivor’s pension. You apply for survivor´s pension from The Swedish Pensions Agency.

Pensionsmyndigheten (pensionsmyndigheten.se)

 

If you are or will become a parent

Parliament has decided that families with housing allowance will receive a temporary additional payment each month from July to December 2020.

If you receive housing allowance for families you will automatically receive the extra money. You do not have to apply for it.

The additional payment will be 25 percent of what you receive every month.

 

If you are pregnant you can receive pregnancy benefit if there are risks in your work environment. Your employer is responsible for your work environment. This means that, in accordance with laws and regulations (arbetsmiljölagen 1977:1160 and Arbetsmiljöverkets föreskrifter AFS 2007:5), your employer has to carry out a risk assessment. This is something that an employer always must do if an employee is pregnant.

The corona virus SARS-CoV-2 has been classified as a risk class 3 contagion. If you are pregnant your employer can stop you from working if there are risks in your work environment and your employer is unable to relocate you to a safer environment.

If this happens to you, you can apply for pregnancy benefit. You can receive pregnancy benefit until the 11th day before your estimated due date.

Pregnancy benefit

You can begin taking out parental benefit 60 days before your estimated due date.

Parental benefit before the child is born

 

If your child is ill or is a disease carrier, you may receive care of a sick child (vab) if you need to be at home to care for your child.

You may also receive compensation if there is a specific suspicion that your child is spreading infection. It may for example be a doctor or a nurse who has assessed this.

You are not eligible for care of a sick child (vab) if you keep your child at home to reduce the risk of your child being infected by others.

The government has proposed temporary legislation that is applicable if your child´s school or preschool closes. You will get approximately 90 % of the money you receive when you stay at home if your child is ill. The temporary rules will apply from the 25 April.

What are the current rules when I apply?

You no longer need to submit a doctor’s certificate if your child is ill or infected for more than seven days. This applies regardless of the cause of your child's illness or infection.

This also applies even if you have already submitted an application and are awaiting a decision, or if you have been at home and have not yet applied for compensation.

You do not need to submit a doctor’s certificate when the child's regular caregiver, such as a child minder, is ill for more than seven days.

Remember that you must apply no later than 90 days after the first day you were at home with the child.

Specific rules apply in the following situations:

  • If your child has reached the age of 12 but not 16 and has a preliminary decision
  • If your child is seriously ill

Apply for care of sick child (vab)

Questions and answers about vab due to coronavirus (in Swedish)

Frågor och svar om vab

Compensation information

Care of a sick child (vab)

 

The government has decided that parents of children who recently been seriously ill can receive a preventive benefit if they have to stay at home in order to shield the child from contracting covid-19.

A doctor must certify in a doctor´s certificate that the child must be protected from the coronavirus that causes covid-19.

In order to be able to receive the benefit you need to refrain from working and your child has to have been seriously ill during 2020.

You can receive preventive benefit for care of sick child from 1st July 2020 to 31th of December 2020. The child has to be younger than 18 years of age.

A child is considered seriously ill if:

  • there is a distinct threat to the child’s life or
  • if the child, after or in direct connection to a life-threatening condition, receives treatment for the illness and the child’s life is in jeopardy without this treatment.

The benefit can be paid to a parent that needs to abstain from work to take care of a child. All the child´s parents can receive the benefit if they abstain from work in order to protect the child from the corona virus and they are unable to work from home.

The parent and the child must be registered at the same address. If the parents do not live together at the same address, the child must live an equal amount of time with all its parents.

Compensation information

Care of a sick child (vab)

 

As a parent you are responsible for your child´s maintenance even if your child does not live with you. If you can not afford to pay child support your child can receive maintenance support from Försäkringskassan. In that case you have to pay back part or the entire amount to Försäkringskassan. If your income has been reduced you can not avoid paying your debt. But you can postpone your repayment. You do this by applying for a deferral. You can apply by using Mina sidor (My pages).

Mina sidor is in Swedish.

If you are unable to use Mina sidor you can fill in a form.

Blankett FK-2572

The form is in Swedish.

 

If you have been laid off, are on furlough or a job seeker

If you have been laid off, it is important that you protect your sickness benefit qualifying income (SGI). SGI is an amount calculated by the Swedish Social Insurance Agency based on how much you earn per year.

Many compensations that you can receive from the Social Insurance Agency, such as sickness benefit or care of a sick child (vab), are based on your SGI.

Your former SGI is protected for three months from the last day you worked. After that, it can still be protected if you do any of the following:

  • register as a job seeker at the Swedish Public Employment Service no later than the first day you became unemployed
  • begin studying at a program that gives you the right to study support from The Swedish Board of Student Finance (CSN)
  • are on sick leave and receive sickness benefit
  • are on parental leave and receive parental benefit

Start the guide of sickness benefit qualifying incom (in Swedish)

Start the SGI-guide (in Swedish)

At the Swedish Public Employment Services website you can read more about what steps you need to take if you become unemployed.

When you become unemployed (arbetsformedlingen.se)

Parliament has decided to launch a new system to support short-term work. Employers will, during a limited time, receive state support if they need to introduce short-term work due to temporary and serious economic difficulties.

Your SGI is protected if you receive a lower salary from March 16 or later, provided that your employer receives state support. This means that your SGI will not be lowered in spite of your salary having been lowered.

Your SGI is not protected if your employer does not receive state support for short-term work. Your SGI will be adjusted in accordance with your new salary.

It is important that you contact your employer to find out what applies to you.

Questions and answers about compensations from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency if you are laid of for a limited time.

I have been laid off. How will this affect my housing allowance?

If you have been laid off from work you can report a change of income for your housing allowance on My pages (Mina sidor). Estimate your new income. If two persons have a housing allowance together you need to send in a form by post.  You can send in a new application if it is less than three months left of your housing allowance.

I have been laid of for a limited time and work 50% but receive 90% of my previous salary. How should I fill in my application for care of a sick child (vab)?

In the application, via the web or in the app, you state in the field “tid du vabbat”/ "time you spent taking care of a sick child" the hours you actually needed to give up work. When it comes to the field where you state the time you should have worked you write your regular working hours, ie the working hours you had before you became laid off for a limited time.

I have been laid off from my job. I will work about 40 percent but get a salary that corresponds to 90-95 percent of my previous income. Can I take parental leave for the part of the day that I don't work?

Yes, you can take parental leave during the part of the day you do not work

 

If you fall ill

The government has decided to temporarily suspend the deduction from sick pay during the qualifying period and the requirement for a doctor’s certificate for those who participate in a program at the Swedish Public Employment Service. You apply for activity compensation, development allowance and introduction benefit just as usual.

Remember to report to the Swedish Public Employment Office (Arbetsförmedlingen) the first day you fall ill.

Temporary higher compensation levels

The government has decided to temporarily raise the jobseeker´s allowance. This also applies if you are a member of an unemployment insurance fund (a-kassa) and are taking part in a program through the Swedish Public Employment Office (Arbetsförmedlingen).

The lowest activity grant you can receive has been raised from 365 to 510 Swedish Krona per day.

During the first 100 days as unemployed your compensation is based on the salary you had when you were employed. You can now receive up to 1 200 Swedish Krona per day instead of 910 Swedish Krona per day if you take part in a program full time.

The temporary higher activity grants will be applicable from the April 13, 2020 to January 3, 2021.

Your activity grant is based on information that Försäkringskassan receives from your unemployment insurance fund (a-kassa). You will receive the rest of the money at the next opportunity if they sent the information after Försäkringskassan made the payment.

The government has proposed that the jobseeker´s allowance will be raised from 760 Swedish Krona to 1000 Swedish Krona from the 101 day of your unemployment. If you are a member of an unemployment insurance fund (a-kassa) and are taking part in a program through the Swedish Public Employment Office (Arbetsförmedlingen), your activity grant will be affected by this proposal.

From the 101 day of your unemployment, your activity grant will be raised from 760 to 1000 Swedish Krona if you participate full time. The temporary raise is proposed to apply from June 29, 2020 to January 3, 2021. This is still a proposal. No decision has been taken.

If you receive introduction benefit or development allowance you will not a receive a higher compensation.

Compensation if your child´s school or daycare closes

From April 25 you can keep the compensation you receive when you have to stay at home to take care of your child if your child´s daycare or school closes due to covid-19. This will be applicable to December 31, 2020.

You can find more information about this under “Care of sick child (vab) on this webpage.

 

Other situations

From the year you turn 24 and have to pay for dental care yourself, you can receive a state dental care subsidy.

A new compensation period for high-cost protection for dental care for patients who have not been able to visit their dentist during the corona virus pandemic

The high-cost protection is calculated per year. This means that all actions that are made during a continuous period of twelve months are counted in your high-cost protection. The period begins with your first dental appointment after your previous period has ended.

If you had an active compensation period as of 1st April 2020 you will receive a new compensation period from 1st September 2020 if you:

  • have paid more than 3 000 Swedish Crowns for dental treatment during your compensation period and
  • have not visited a dental practitioner from 1st April–31st August 2020.

You will receive a new compensation period from 1st September 2020. The length of the compensation period equals the amount of days that was left of the old compensation period, counting from 1st April 2020. You will get at least 90 days, even if your old compensation period contained less days. This means that you will be able to visit your dental practitioner before the new compensation period ends. The dental costs that you had as of 1st April 2020 will be added to the costs you accumulate during the new compensation period.

As a patient you do not have to do anything. You will automatically receive your new compensation period.

If you have questions about how the changes will affect you, you can contact your dental practitioner.

Compensation information

Dental care subsidy

 

Closed borders can prevent you from travelling to your place of work if you work in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland. Provided that you keep your current employment, The Swedish Social Insurance Agency has made the assessment that decisions about which country you are insured in will not be altered.

If you have an A1 form you do not need to contact the Swedish Social Insurance Agency. This is applicable even if you, due to the current situation, are forced to work in another country than the one stated on the form.

If you have been laid off from work in another country you need to contact the Swedish Social Insurance Agency so that we can determine which country you should be insured in. This is applicable even when you have been laid off due to the current situation. Please contact us in order to avoid missing out on benefits and to avoid becoming liable for repayment of benefits.

It is important that you keep yourself updated on this issue. You can do this by reading information on our website.

Working abroad

Insured in Sweden

 

If you are abroad and unable to return to Sweden your benefits from Försäkringskassan can be affected.

Apply to retain your benefits from Försäkringskassan

In order to receive certain benefits from Försäkringskassan you have to live in Sweden.
NormalIy, you can not retain your benefits if you stay outside of the EU/EES or Switzerland for more than six months.

If you area broad and you can not travel back to Sweden due to consequences of the corona pandemic, you can apply to retain your benefits.

You have to make a written application to Försäkringskassan. In your application you have to state why the benefit should continue to be paid to you. You have to sign your application.

Send the application to:

Försäkringskassans inläsningscentral
839 88 Östersund

On our website you can read which benefits are residence-based.

Insured in Sweden

If you fall ill abroad

If you fall ill when you are in the EU/EES or Switzerland it is your employer who decides if you should receive sick pay. If you are ill for more than 14 days you can apply for sickness benefit from Försäkringskassan.

If you fall ill outside the EU/EES or Switzerland you can apply for sickness benefit from the first day that you return to Sweden.

If you are in need of health care during your time abroad different rules apply according to which country you are staying in.

Travel abroad

Your sickness benefit qualifying income (SGI) can be affected if you are stranded abroad

If you are stranded abroad and have to go on unpaid leave, your SGI is protected for three months counting from the first day of your leave of absence.

If you have been laid off and are paid during your term of notice, this is equal to a salary. This means that your SGI is protected for three months after the last payment.

In order to protect your SGI when you are unemployed you need to register with the Public Employment Service (Arbetsförmedlingen), actively be seeking work and be prepared to start working.

Contact the Public Employment Service to find out which rules apply for you.

The Public Employment Service